In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal.  Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as “null and void,” adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border.  But Greece`s controversial decision to sign a maritime delimitation agreement with Egypt, which Turkey says violates its continental shelf and maritime rights, has raised new tensions between its two neighbours, with Ankara accusing Athens of pursuing a maximalist policy in the eastern Mediterranean. The maritime agreement has significantly redefined the borders within the eastern Mediterranean and will strengthen Turkey`s position in the ongoing negotiations in the region. While neighbouring countries have legal positions aimed at excluding Turkey, the agreement between Turkey and Libya will ensure that the allocation of resources in the eastern Mediterranean cannot be done without Turkey`s participation. This will ensure that future dispute resolution in the region is resolved only by consensus. The Greek authorities argue that the borders drawn in a new agreement between Turkey and Libya overlap with the continental shelf of the southern Mediterranean islands, particularly Crete.
The Turkish authorities respond to these allegations by arguing that all islands are treated differently with regard to maritime borders. The issue of border delimitation in the eastern Mediterranean has unique factors that must be taken into account when borders are defined. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNDSC) proposes a fair and legitimate distribution of maritime resources and the delimitation of maritime borders. While the geographical conditions of the region are at the heart of disputes over EEZs in the eastern Mediterranean, the policies of nations, in particular, are contrary to the convention`s fundamental principles, such as the principles of “justice,” “non-intervention” and “equitable geographical distribution.”